- How strong is a shockwave?
- How does overpressure kill?
- What is the maximum atmospheric pressure a human can survive?
- Why are explosions dangerous?
- Is Hiroshima still radioactive?
- What are the main effects of explosions?
- What PSI means?
- Can air pressure kill you?
- What is the highest pressure possible?
- What is the ideal barometric pressure for humans?
- What PSI is lethal?
- How far away from a nuclear bomb is safe?
- What does PSI mean on a tire?
- Can a shock wave kill you?
- What is the biggest nuclear bomb?
- How hot is an explosion?
- How much PSI is in a nuclear bomb?
- What happens to a body in an explosion?
- What is this symbol ψ?
- What should your tire PSI be?
- Do explosions throw you?
How strong is a shockwave?
Close to an explosion, a shock wave can travel at several times the speed of sound and reach pressures of ten or more atmospheres, producing devastating effects..
How does overpressure kill?
The overpressure wave is actually the more dangerous of the two. A microsecond after a bomb goes off, the explosion compresses the surrounding air and blows it outward in a lightning-fast shockwave that ripples through clothing and literally flattens internal organs.
What is the maximum atmospheric pressure a human can survive?
On Earth, the limit is around 18–19 km (11–12 mi; 59,000–62,000 ft) above sea level, above which atmospheric air pressure drops below 0.0618 atm (6.3 kPa, 47 mmHg, or about 1 psi).
Why are explosions dangerous?
Explosions can produce unique patterns of injury seldom seen outside combat. When they do occur, they have the potential to inflict multi-system life-threatening injuries on many persons simultaneously.
Is Hiroshima still radioactive?
Among some there is the unfounded fear that Hiroshima and Nagasaki are still radioactive; in reality, this is not true. Following a nuclear explosion, there are two forms of residual radioactivity. … In fact, nearly all the induced radioactivity decayed within a few days of the explosions.
What are the main effects of explosions?
Explosion effects generally include those of overpressure, thermal effects, energized projectiles (fragments, debris, and missiles), ground shock, and cratering.
What PSI means?
6.894757 kPa. The pound per square inch or, more accurately, pound-force per square inch (symbol: lbf/in2; abbreviation: psi) is a unit of pressure or of stress based on avoirdupois units. It is the pressure resulting from a force of one pound-force applied to an area of one square inch.
Can air pressure kill you?
Here are a few ways that compressed air can kill or seriously injure a person: Compressed air blown into the skin can obstruct an artery and result in an embolism. Inhaled compressed air can rupture your lungs or esophagus. Compressed air blown into the ear can rupture eardrums and cause brain damage.
What is the highest pressure possible?
An international team of scientists has created the highest static pressure ever achieved in a lab: Using a special high pressure device, the researchers investigated the behavior of the metal osmium at pressures of up to 770 Gigapascals — more than twice the pressure in the inner core of the Earth.
What is the ideal barometric pressure for humans?
Vanos said people are most comfortable with barometric pressure of 30 inches of mercury (inHg). When it rises to 30.3 inHg or higher, or drops to 29.7 or lower, the risk of heart attack increases.
What PSI is lethal?
80 psiThe magnitude of damage due to the blast wave depends on the peak of the initial positive-pressure wave (an overpressure of 414–552 kPa or 60–80 psi is considered potentially lethal), the duration of the overpressure, the medium of the explosion, the distance from the incident blast wave, and the degree of focusing due …
How far away from a nuclear bomb is safe?
This will help provide protection from the blast, heat, and radiation of the detonation. When you have reached a safe place, try to maintain a distance of at least six feet between yourself and people who are not part of your household.
What does PSI mean on a tire?
pounds per square inchThe “What’s Your PSI?” campaign is designed to challenge consumers to learn the correct tire pressure (pounds per square inch or PSI) for their vehicle’s tires, help them to maintain proper pressure — and ultimately help everyone avoid tire failure and crashes.
Can a shock wave kill you?
There may be no penetrating injury from debris or shrapnel, but victims may hemorrhage with massive internal bleeding. A shock wave even displaces the air particles in the atmosphere. And this fact, the technician told us, generates the bomb’s second lethal force.
What is the biggest nuclear bomb?
Tsar BombaTsar Bomba, (Russian: “King of Bombs”) , byname of RDS-220, also called Big Ivan, Soviet thermonuclear bomb that was detonated in a test over Novaya Zemlya island in the Arctic Ocean on October 30, 1961. The largest nuclear weapon ever set off, it produced the most powerful human-made explosion ever recorded.
How hot is an explosion?
Initially, most of this energy goes into heating the bomb materials and the air in the vicinity of the blast. Temperatures of a nuclear explosion reach those in the interior of the sun, about 100,000,000° Celsius, and produce a brilliant fireball. The fireball shortly after detonation.
How much PSI is in a nuclear bomb?
Overpressure ranges from 1 to 50 psi (6.9 to 345 kilopascals) of a 1 kiloton of TNT air burst as a function of burst height.
What happens to a body in an explosion?
The main direct, primary effect to humans from an explosion is the sudden increase in pressure that occurs as a blast wave passes. It can cause injury to pressure- sensitive human organs, such as ears and lungs.
What is this symbol ψ?
Psi /ˈsaɪ/ (uppercase Ψ, lowercase ψ; Greek: ψι psi [ˈpsi]) is the 23rd letter of the Greek alphabet and has a numeric value of 700. In both Classical and Modern Greek, the letter indicates the combination /ps/ (as in English word “lapse”).
What should your tire PSI be?
Since maintaining your tires is so important to your safety and your car’s overall performance, it’s important to know what tire pressure is right for your vehicle. Air pressure in tires is measured in pounds per square inch, or PSI; usually, the recommended pressure ranges between 30 and 35 PSI.
Do explosions throw you?
Displacement of air by the explosion creates a blast wind that can throw victims against solid objects. Injuries resulting from this type of traumatic impact are referred to as tertiary blast injuries.